Holding the right people responsible for the global energy crisis

By Alex Epstein

As people look for solutions to this crisis, it is crucial that the right people get implicated: anti-fossil-fuel leaders

Originally published on March 15, 2023

We are in a global energy crisis.

As people look for solutions to this crisis, it is crucial that the right people get implicated (leaders of the anti-fossil-fuel movement) and the right people get vindicated (advocates of energy freedom).

Here's some ammunition.

The causes of Europe’s energy insecurity

  • The cause of Europe’s energy insecurity, which has rendered it impotent against Putin, is simple: When you restrict domestic fossil fuel production on the false promise of replacement by unreliable solar and wind, you become dangerously dependent on foreign production.
  • Europe’s vulnerability to Russia was completely preventable. Europe and its allies have all the natural gas, coal, and uranium they need to produce low-cost, reliable heat and electricity for generations to come. But anti-fossil fuel, anti-nuclear policies have neutered Europe.
  • For the last 2 decades Europe has destroyed its ability to produce and import energy from fossil fuels and nuclear—on the promise that unreliable solar and wind could replace them. But after trillions in subsidies, it’s clear that they have failed.1
  • One major cause of Europe’s current energy impotence is its numerous bans on the greatest natural gas producing technology ever invented: fracking. Fracking has been banned by France, Bulgaria, The Netherlands, Germany, Spain, and the UK.2
  • Another major cause of Europe’s current energy impotence is its opposition to LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) import terminals—combined with the US’s opposition to export terminals. If not for these, Europe could get a lot of its gas from America—not Russia.3 fracking bans in Europe

The causes of America’s energy crisis

  • America is experiencing our worst energy crisis since the 1970s. High oil prices are making driving expensive, while high natural gas prices are making heating and electricity far more expensive—above all in the Northeast, where some ratepayers might see prices more than two times last winter’s.4 NE electricity hikes
  • Here’s a chart of residential natural gas prices over the last several winters from the US Energy Information Administration. Notice the massive spike projected for this winter—meaning record heating bills for many.5 gas price projections
  • Democrats could have ensured far lower oil and gas prices despite global tumult had they, upon taking power in 2019:

    1. Liberated oil investment, production, and transport.
    2. Liberated natural gas investment, production, and transport.

    Instead, they systematically strangled oil and gas.

  • Is it any wonder that, threatened incessantly by US Democrats and other anti-oil forces, global investment in oil declined dramatically despite growing long-term demand? Between 2011 and 2021, oil/gas exploration investments declined 50%.

    Less investment = less supply = higher prices.6

  • Our bountiful natural gas is only useful if it can be transported by pipeline—to where it is needed in the US and to export terminals for shipment abroad. But in recent years we have seen a Democrat-led movement to block pipeline after pipeline—such as these 6 pipelines.7 pipeline cancellations

Causes of high oil and gasoline prices

  • Skyrocketing oil and gasoline prices are not a failure of the oil industry. They are the total failure of anti-oil politicians, who have artificially restricted the supply of oil with massive restrictions and threats to oil production and transport.
  • Contrary to rhetoric by Elizabeth Warren and others, oil and gasoline prices are not rising “because giant oil companies like Chevron and ExxonMobil enjoy doubling their profits.” If oil companies could control prices they would have done so during often-unprofitable 2015-2020.8
  • There is no physical reason the oil industry can't meet rising demand. The world has hundreds of years' worth of oil deposits. There is no technical reason the oil industry can't meet rising demand. It is more capable than ever thanks to amazing technologies like fracking.
  • Perhaps the greatest limiter of the supply of oil has been anti-oil politicians' constant threats to severely restrict or even ban oil production going forward. E.g., when Joe Biden promises “I will end fossil fuel” and then becomes President, oil investors run for the hills.9
  • The cause-and-effect of unnecessarily high oil prices is simple:

    1. Anti-oil politicians around the world artificially restricted the supply of oil with massive restrictions/threats.
    2. These restrictions prevented supply from keeping up with demand, and prices went way up.

The causes of America’s electricity crisis

  • America's grid is in decline and about to get far worse due to policies that 1) reward unreliable electricity, 2) prematurely shut down coal plants, 3) criminalize nuclear, and 4) force electric vehicle use.
  • The root cause of our grid’s reliability problems is simple: America is shutting down too many reliable power plants—plants that can be controlled to produce electricity when needed in the exact quantity needed. And it is attempting to replace them with unreliable solar and wind.
  • Nationally, as demand has increased over the last 10 years we have seen a decline in reliable capacity (gas, coal, oil, nuclear, hydro, battery storage) by 5%.10 US capacity decline
  • Will batteries make unreliable solar/wind reliable? No. Battery storage is expensive and can only provide a given “capacity” (e.g., 1 GW) for a few hours, and only then if fully charged. Planned batteries are nowhere near enough to compensate for solar and wind's unreliability.11 battery capacity additions
  • Grid-destroying policy: coercing electric vehicle use

    At a time when reliable electricity is scarce and about to become far scarcer, the Federal government and certain state governments are trying to force us to use electric vehicles—which would lead to major increases in electricity use at certain times of day.

Refuting Democrat denials of responsibility for the energy crisis

  • For 15+ years Democratic politicians, including Joe Biden, have relentlessly attacked oil investment, oil production, and oil transport—leading to higher prices and lower security.

    Instead of taking credit for their “success,” they are denying that they are anti-fossil fuels!12 Biden denial on oil production

  • The “business decisions” denial tactic

    For 15+ years Democratic politicians have pushed everything they can to threaten new oil production: net-zero, ESG, proposed bans, etc.

    Now they are blaming companies for “business decisions” to refrain from threatened oil production!13 business decision denial

  • The “windfall profits” denial tactic

    For 15+ years Democratic politicians have done everything they can to make new oil production unprofitable—leading to less investment.

    Now they are condemning companies for not investing enough “windfall profits”!14 windfall profit allegations

  • The “9000 leases” denial tactic

    For 15+ years Dem politicians have driven up oil prices by delaying/destroying countless economically viable oil projects.

    To deny responsibility they are attacking companies for not developing 9000 leases the companies judge to be economically nonviable.15 9000 leases denial

  • The energy crisis is simple.

    Politicians around the world, including US Democrats, have restricted fossil fuel investment/production/transport on the false promise of replacement by unreliable solar/wind.

    The result: higher prices and lower security.

    Anti-fossil fuel politicians, please stop the denial.

The “climate emergency” movement’s responsibility for the energy crisis

  • The world is experiencing the worst energy crisis since the 1970s, and it may end up being far worse.

    Skyrocketing energy prices are driving price inflation in every area of life. Even in wealthy Europe we are seeing mass-hardship, deindustrialization, and fear of winter.16 European energy crisis

  • While America is suffering from the energy crisis and Europe is suffering far more, the worst-affected are poor nations—who are getting outbid for today’s scarce energy supplies. For example, we’ve seen power outages in Bangladesh, which has been outbid for natural gas by Europe.17 Bangladesh nat gas crisis
  • The global energy crisis constitutes an emergency—a dire and deadly problem requiring a swift, dramatic solution.

    What’s the solution to the global energy emergency?

    We must put a stop to its cause: the “climate emergency” movement’s campaign to rapidly eliminate fossil fuels.

  • While “climate change”—humans impacting climate—is real, “climate emergency” is not. The world is slowly becoming warmer—at a cold point in geological history, when many more people die of cold than of heat. This doesn’t at all justify rapidly restricting global fossil fuel use.18
  • The “climate emergency” movement, centered in the West, has restricted

    1. fossil fuel investment
    2. fossil fuel production
    3. fossil fuel transport

    This has artificially suppressed fossil fuel supply, making industry unable to meet growing demand. Which means sky-high prices.

  • Today’s high fossil fuel prices are not primarily a “Putin price hike.”

    They are caused by global anti-fossil-fuel “climate emergency” policies—which made fossil fuel prices artificially high before Putin’s war and prevented the free world from quickly increasing production in response.19

  • The “climate emergency” movement has the gall to chastise the fossil fuel industry for not sufficiently ramping up production post-pandemic and post-Putin-invasion. But this insufficient ramp-up is the result of anti-fossil-fuel policies that restrict and punish new attempted production!

The causes of skyrocketing global natural gas and coal prices

  • Skyrocketing natural gas and coal prices are not a failure of the fossil fuel industry, but the total failure of anti-fossil fuel policies, which falsely promised that if we dramatically restricted fossil fuel energy production, green energy could easily replace it.
  • There is no physical reason that the natural gas and coal industries can't meet rising demand. The world has hundreds of years' worth of gas deposits and thousands of years worth of coal deposits. But governments radically restrict the freedom to utilize those deposits.20 coal resources worldwide
  • There is no technical or economic reason the natural gas and coal industries can't meet demand. These industries have gotten radically more capable and efficient in the last two decades--especially natural gas with fracking. But governments radically restrict their freedom.21
  • In Europe, fracking and other shale gas technologies could produce a lot of gas, but Europeans have over and over chosen to ban fracking--reassuring citizens that solar and wind would provide all the energy they need. How is that going?
  • America has been called “the Saudi Arabia of coal.” At today's prices, America's coal industry would love to be powering the world. But it can't because of onerous restrictions on coal transport, as well as myriad domestic restrictions on desperately-needed coal production.22 coal production decline


  1. Alex Epstein - Talking Points on skyrocketing oil and gasoline prices

  2. Alex Epstein - Talking Points on how Europe's fracking bans have contributed to its natural gas crisis

  3. The Times (Ireland) - Liquefied natural gas terminals to be banned in law

    Politico - French government blocks U.S. LNG deal as too dirty

    Bloomberg - German Gas Terminal Faces Headwinds as Major Investor Steps Back

    The Maritime Executive - Greenpeace Blocks Arrival of Gas Carrier at Spanish Gas Terminal

  4. Boston 25 News - Another New England-based utility company announces massive rate hike ahead of winter season

  5. U.S. Energy Information Administration - U.S. natural gas bills will increase in all regions this winter

  6. Financial Times - Embrace high fossil fuel prices because they are here to stay

    Michael Shellenberger - How Climate Activists Caused the Global Energy Crisis

  7. EQT - Nationwide Poll Shows Nearly 70% of All Voters Support Increasing Natural Gas Production

  8. Michael Lynch - Estimating The Possible Decline Of U.S. Shale Oil Production With Lower Prices

  9. Breitbart - Joe Biden Promises Environmentalist: ‘Look into My Eyes; I Guarantee You, We Are Going to End Fossil Fuel’

    Reuters - APPEC Lack of investment, more demand to drive oil price volatility -industry execs

  10. U.S. EIA - Electric Power Annual

  11. U.S. EIA - Electric Power Monthly

  12. Townhall.com on Twitter

  13. The White House - Press Briefing by Press Secretary Jen Psaki, March 17, 2022

  14. E&E News - Dems press case for windfall profit tax on energy companies

  15. President Biden on Twitter

    Western Energy Alliance - Responding to the White House Blame Game on Leases

  16. NYT - ‘Crippling’ Energy Bills Force Europe’s Factories to Go Dark

    WSJ - Europe Fears a Long, Cold Winter if Russia Ends Supply of Natural Gas

    Bloomberg - Europe Braces for a Winter of Sacrifices

    Washington Post - The E.U. is preparing for blackouts this winter, amid an energy crisis

  17. Bloomberg - Global Gas Crunch Leaves Bangladesh Facing Blackouts Until 2026

    Reuters - ANALYSIS-Fuel crisis cuts electricity in Bangladesh, sparking energy debate

  18. Zhao et al. (2021)

  19. Doomberg - Last in line

    Alex Epstein - Talking Points on US Democrats engaging in epic denial on oil and gasoline prices

  20. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe - Coal

    BP - Statistical Review of World Energy 2021

    Michael Lynch - The "Peak Oil" Scare and the Coming Oil Flood

    U.S. Department of Energy - Gas Hydrates Quick Facts

  21. U.S. Energy Information Administration - U.S. Natural gas withdrawals

  22. U.S. Energy Information Administration - Aggregate coal mine production for all coal